Changes in serum cortisol levels during community-acquired pneumonia: The influence of dexamethasone
Respiratory Medicine, 04/24/2012
Remmelts HHF et al. - The authors showed that an adverse outcome of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) was associated with persisting higher total serum cortisol throughout the course of disease. Delta-cortisol could be another meaningful biomarker in CAP. Next, the data indicate that a four-day dexamethasone regimen during CAP does not lead to prolonged secondary adrenal insufficiency.Methods
- The authors analyzed data from 270 hospitalized patients with CAP.
- Total serum cortisol was measured on presentation, day 1, 2, 4, and on control visit (day 30).
- Intensive care unit (ICU) admission and mortality were assessed.
- Additionally, to study the influence of dexamethasone on the kinetics of the cortisol response, the authors analyzed serial cortisol values of 43 patients treated with a four-day regimen of dexamethasone 5 mg.
- During hospital stay, 26/270 patients (9.6%) were admitted to the ICU and 15/270 patients (5.6%) died.
- Compared to patients with an uneventful recovery, cortisol on presentation was significantly higher in patients with an adverse outcome (360 μg/L, IQR 209-597 vs. 238 μg/L, IQR 151-374) (p:0.01), and also remained significantly higher throughout the course of disease.
- Dexamethasone treatment resulted in nearly complete suppression of the endogenous cortisol production after the first dose, but cortisol production was fully recovered on control visit.