Emergency transport for Japanese children with non-life-threatening conditions

Pediatrics International, 04/26/2012

Ehara A et al. – Emergency transport per 1000 live births or 1000 children grew from 1985 to 2008. The utilization rates, however, did not grow homogeneously among different severity groups. The rates for children with non–life–threatening conditions rose, while those for children dead on arrival or with severe conditions declined in the past two decades.

Methods

  • Utilization rates of emergency transport per 1000 live births or 1000 children from 1985 to 2008 in Japan were calculated from national data of emergency transport, child population and annual live births.

Results

  • Emergency transport per 1000 preschool-age (28 days-6 years old) and school-age (7–17 years old) children rose, and that for newborn babies (0–27 days old) per 1000 live births grew from 1985 to 2008.
  • The utilization rates, however, did not grow homogeneously among the different severity groups.
  • The rates of transport for children who needed no hospitalization or those for children who needed inpatient care <3 weeks rose in each of the three age groups.
  • The rates for patients who were dead on arrival or who needed hospitalization ?3 weeks, however, declined in all the age groups.

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