1Practical clinical interventions for diet, physical activity, and weight control in cancer survivorsCA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians  Full Text  Review Article
2High-energy breakfast with low-energy dinner decreases overall daily hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetic patients: a randomised clinical trialDiabetologia - Clinical and Experimental Diabetes and Metabolism  Clinical Article
3Nutritional advances in patients with respiratory diseasesEuropean Respiratory Review  Review Article
4The inverse association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and mortality may be modified by vitamin A status and use of vitamin A supplementsEuropean Journal of Nutrition  Clinical Article
5Vitamin D deficiency in school-age children is associated with sociodemographic and lifestyle factorsThe Journal of Nutrition  Clinical Article
6Adolescent dietary intakes predict cardiometabolic risk clusteringEuropean Journal of Nutrition  Clinical Article
7Dietary flaxseed independently lowers circulating cholesterol and lowers it beyond the effects of cholesterol-lowering medications alone in patients with peripheral artery diseaseThe Journal of Nutrition  Clinical Article
8Tryptophan catabolism and vitamin B-6 status are affected by gender and lifestyle factors in healthy young adultsThe Journal of Nutrition  Clinical Article
9Reproducibility and intermethod reliability of a calcium food frequency questionnaire for use in Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, and non-Hispanic white youthJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics  Clinical Article
10Relationships among socioeconomic status, dietary intake, and stress in breastfeeding womenJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics  Clinical Article
1Global hypertension treatment will save millions of livesCDC
2Renewed call in Lancet for Governments to get smart to curb obesityUniversity of Otago News
3CDC grand rounds: Preventing youth violenceMorbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
4Rapid intervention to reduce Ebola transmission in a remote village - Gbarpolu County, Liberia, 2014Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
5Community quarantine to interrupt Ebola virus transmission - Mawah Village, Bong County, Liberia, August-October, 2014Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
6Implementation of Ebola case-finding using a village chieftaincy taskforce in a remote outbreak - Liberia, 2014Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
7Notes from the field: Cryptosporidiosis associated with consumption of unpasteurized goat milk - Idaho, 2014Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
8Quickstats: Percentage of adults aged 18-64 years who have seen or talked with a mental health professional in the past 12 months, by health insurance status and age group - National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2012-2013Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
9Strong connection between violence and mental illness in Guatemala during civil war lessens in postwar period, Penn study findsPenn Medicine
10Poor response to cholesterol drugs may indicate blocked arteriesAmerican Heart Association News

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Xerophthalmia— a potential epidemic on our doorstep?

As reported in Eye, prompt recognition and treatment of xerophthalmia can lead to rapid recovery and avert significant visual morbidity. The prevalence of xerophthalmia is likely to increase in the developed world largely owing to alcoholic liver disease. It is thought by some that they are on the verge of a potential epidemic.

GALNT4 predicts survival in patients with ccRCC

As reported in the Journal of Urology, N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4 (GALNT4) levels are decreased in tumor specimens from patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC; n=104) compared to peritumoral specimens. Decreased expression of GALNT4 is associated with poor OS (OR=3.08) and RFS (OR=2.17). Further, GALNT4 is negatively correlated with tumor size, necrosis, and TNM stage.

Relationship benefit in women with IHD

As reported in Clinical Infectious Diseases, HIV-infected patients are at increased risk for non-Hodgkin‘s lymphoma (NHL). Of 6036 patients with 21607 person-years of follow-up, there were 37 incident cases of NHL. Compared to patients with ≤ 50 copies/mL, patients with 51-500 and > 500 copies/mL had HRs of 1.66 and 2.39 for NHL, respectively.

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Clinical Pearls

Clinical Pearl from Smartest DocReceipt of guideline-concordant antibiotics reduces mortality in immunocompromised patients hospitalized with pneumonia.

Clinical Pearl from Smartest DocReallocation of marketing expenditures by pharmaceutical companies away from physicians can be substantiated by reduction in sales forces.

Clinical Pearl from Smartest DocEndoscopic screening is recommended for patients with multiple risk factors for cancer in Barrett esophagus.

The Top Read Articles of 2014 are Now Available

Scouring thousands of peer-reviewed journals and popular press, Our Editors just released the Top Read Articles of the Year. See the Top Read List