Increased MMP-9 expression associated with poor prognosis in CRC
As reported in the World Journal of Surgical Oncology, the expression of MMP-9 in colon cancer tissues was increased compared to distal normal mucosa (69.1% vs. 2.9%). Increased MMP-9 expression was associated with lymph node metastasis, Duke stage, and decreased survival.
Immunophenotype of small intestinal adenocarcinoma predicts survival
As reported in the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology & Reproductive Biology, levels of the adipokine, apelin, are decreased in women with PCOS (n=45) compared to healthy controls. Apelin levels are positively correlated with BMI, insulin levels, triglycerides levels, free testosterone levels, the Ferriman-Gallwey score, and the HOMA index. Apelin levels are negatively correlated with HDL levels.
Calcium reduces CRC risk
As reported in the International Journal of Cancer, there is an 8% reduction in CRC risk with each 300 mg/d increase in calcium intake based on 15 studies involving 12305 patients who took 250-1900 mg of calcium/day over a 3.3-16 year follow-up period. The beneficial effect extended beyond 1000 mg/d.