High glycemic load, milk and ice cream consumption are related to acne vulgaris in Malaysian young adults: a case control study Full Text
BMC Dermatology, 08/17/2012
Ismail NH et al. – Glycemic load of diet and frequencies of milk and ice cream intake were positively associated with acne vulgaris.Methods
- A case-control study was conducted among 44 acne vulgaris patients and 44 controls aged 18 to 30 years from October 2010 to January 2011.
- Comprehensive acne severity scale (CASS) was used to determine acne severity.
- A questionnaire comprising items enquiring into the respondent's family history and dietary patterns was distributed.
- The subjects were asked to record their food intake on two weekdays and one day on a weekend in a three day food diary.
- Anthropometric measurements including body weight, height and body fat percentage were taken.
- Acne severity was assessed by a dermatologist.
- Cases had a significantly higher dietary glycemic load (175 +/- 35) compared to controls (122 +/- 28) (p < 0.001).
- The frequency of milk (p < 0.01) and ice-cream (p < 0.01) consumptions was significantly higher in cases compared to controls.
- Females in the case group had a higher daily energy intake compared to their counterparts in the control group, 1812 +/- 331 and 1590 +/- 148 kcal respectively (p < 0.05).
- No significant difference was found in other nutrient intakes, Body Mass Index, and body fat percentage between case and control groups (p > 0.05).