Propranolol treatment for Severe Infantile Hemangiomas: a single centre 3 years experience
Acta Pediatrica, 08/01/2012
Georgountzou A et al. – Propranolol, as first–line treatment, yielded excellent results with very good clinical tolerance and also seems to be effective in relapses. The optimal duration of the treatment remains to be defined by long–term observation.Methods
- Oral propranolol was administered at a dose of 2 mg/kg/day to 28 children.
- Cardiologic evaluation was performed before treatment initiation. Hemodynamic variables and blood glucose levels were monitored during the first 24 h of treatment, while the children were hospitalized.
- Clinical response and tolerance were assessed every month, along with photographic documentation. Macroscopic regression was considered the reduction >90% in the size of the IHs.
- Effects on colour and growth were observed within the first month in all cases.
- Twenty-four patients completed treatment after a mean duration of 7.56 months, and their hemangiomas were successfully regressed.
- Propranolol was administered again, with satisfactory results, in three patients (12.5%) because of hemangioma regrowth.
- Satisfactory response is noticeable in ongoing cases. Episodes of hypotension were noted in four patients. There were no treatment interruptions because of side effects.