Optimizing clozapine through clinical decision making
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,
Falzer PR et al. – A clozapine optimization strategy requires skill in advanced decision making, and specifically in prioritizing the patient’s perspective without diminishing the importance of clinical information. This skill can be developed through practice–based learning.Methods
- Psychiatric trainees examined six case vignettes of varying complexity that included clinical and patient perspective information.
- They made treatment recommendations guided by a well-known switching guideline and rated the factors that influenced their recommendations.
- The decision to follow the guideline’s switch recommendation was influenced principally by the importance of the patient’s positive symptom profile.
- The decision to recommend clozapine in lieu of another treatment was influenced principally by the importance of patient’s perspective and patient-specific clinical information.
- These factors had a significant combined influence on the clozapine recommendation rate: When clinical factors were moderately important, the rate was 8%.
- When clinical factors were extremely important, the rate was 22% when the patient’s perspective was moderately important, but 80% when the patient’s perspective was very or extremely important.