Dietary intake after treatment in child cancer survivors

Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 08/26/2011

Cohen J et al. – This group displayed excessive energy intake (kilojoules) and poor dietary habits. Parents' restrictive feeding style may be contributing to these habits. Early interventions targeting the dietary intake of young survivors and associated parent feeding practices may prevent some of the deleterious long–term effects associated with childhood cancer therapy.

Methods

  • Dietary intake of 50 CCS was assessed with a 3-day food diary (parent report).
  • Parent child feeding practices were assessed with the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ).
  • Historical and anthropometric data was extracted from medical records.
  • Survivors were less than 13 years old and less than 5 years after treatment completion.

Results

  • Twenty percent of participating CCS was overweight or obese and 54% were consuming above their estimated energy requirements.
  • Fifty, 32% and 44% of children did not meet requirements for folate, calcium, and iron respectively.
  • There was a significant trend for increasing BMI percentiles from diagnosis to time of assessment.
  • Results from the CFQ showed that parents were more likely to monitor (3.99) and use a restrictive form of parenting (3.43) to control their child's food intake rather than pressure their child to eat (2.77).

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