Recent Peritonitis Associates with Mortality among Patients Treated with Peritoneal Dialysis

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 05/25/2012

Peritonitis significantly associates with mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients. The increased odds extend up to 120 days after an episode of peritonitis but the magnitude is greater during the initial 30 days.

Author Commentary

This is the first study to demonstrate an association between mortality and peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients. As the association extends up to 120 days prior to death, though it is strongest in the 30days before death, it suggests that there are other mechanisms leading to death possibly increased vascular events. We promote a new definition for peritonitis-associated death being any death within 30 days of a peritonitis episode. This will allow a better indication of the scope of this problem and comparisons to be made between regions.

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