Hemodialysis Vascular Access Dysfunction: Molecular Mechanisms and Treatment

Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis, 04/24/2012

Mima A – Hemodialysis vascular access complications are one of the main causes associated with an increase in morbidity and hospitalization in hemodialysis patients. The most common cause of vascular access dysfunction is venous stenosis as a result of venous neointimal hyperplasia within the peri–anastomotic region or at the graft–vein anastomosis.

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