Current status of pharmacotherapy against metastatic renal cell carcinoma in Japan

International Journal of Urology, 03/29/2012

So far, metastatic renal cell carcinoma has been one of the most treatment-resistant cancers. The extensive use of cytokines, such as interferon-α and interleukin-2, were carried out for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. However, significant advances in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying renal cell carcinoma have led to the development of molecular target-based drugs, which were desperately awaited for a long time, and now two types of molecular target-based drugs are available.

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