Atropine use in childhood myopia treatment
Acta Ophthalmologica,  Clinical Article

Grzybowki A – The atropine use in childhood myopia treatment remains controversial and possible benefits and weaknesses of the therapy should be carefully analysed.

Methods
  • The analysis of the literature and studies of the subject.

Results
  • The prevelance of myopia the population in the United States, Europe and Australia is about 30–40%, whreaes in some southern Asian countries is up to 80–90%.
  • Moreover, it was shown that this prevalence has been increasing in the recent 20 years.
  • Although the pathogenesis of myopia is unknown, it is argued that, at least in the case of school myopia, environmental factors are of major imprtance, whrease genetic factors play secondary role.
  • The role of atropine in the lowering the rate of myopia progression was analysed in recent 10 years in many studies, differing with the atropine concentration, studied group characteristics, the time of treatment and the the time of observation, etc.
  • The lowering effect of atropine was proved, however, its effectiveness decreased with the time of drug use, and after the drug discontuinuation the effect was partially reversed.
  • On the other hand, it is well–known that atropine use is related to significant side–effects, including mydriasis, cycloplegia, increased exposure to UV light.
  • Moreover, some argue that results of the therapy, i.e. lowering of the magnitude of school myopia, cannot be be balanced by the problems and unknown longterm effects related to the therapy.

Please login or register to follow this author.
Are you sure you want to Unfollow this Author?
► Click here to access PubMed, Publisher and related articles...
<< Previous Article | Next Article >>

Your Unread Messages in Medical Student

See All >> Messages include industry-sponsored communications and special communications from MDLinx

Most Popular Medical Student Articles

1 Possible association between vitamin D deficiency and restless legs syndrome Full Text Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, June 6, 2014    Free full text    Clinical Article

2 Chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy and vitamin B6: a controlled population-based study Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System, June 6, 2014    Clinical Article

3 Pathology residency training: time for a new paradigm Human Pathology, March 25, 2014    Clinical Article

4 Systemic sclerosis: Comparison of efficacy of oral cyclophosphamide and azathioprine on skin score and pulmonary involvement--a retrospective study Rheumatology International, May 8, 2014    Clinical Article

5 Slowing of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease: future therapeutic perspectives The Lancet, June 20, 2014    Review Article    Clinical Article

6 Nuts in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 5, 2014    Review Article

7 Nut consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 4, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

8 Foreign-trained physicians frustrated at lack of residency positions, “brain waste,” when they move to higher-income countries, new study finds St. Michael's Hospital, June 27, 2014

9 Psychiatric disorders from childhood to adulthood in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: Results from the International Consortium on Brain and Behavior in 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome American Journal of Psychiatry, June 18, 2014    Clinical Article

10 Low vitamin D as a risk factor for the development of myalgia in patients taking high-dose simvastatin: A retrospective review Clinical Therapeutics, April 17, 2014    Review Article

11 Vitamin D status and Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis Neurological Sciences, June 5, 2014    Review Article

12 Consumption of nuts and legumes and risk of incident ischemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 19, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

13 Sugar sweetened beverages consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: A meta-analysis of prospective studies Atherosclerosis, April 11, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

14 Calcium supplement intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in women Osteoporosis International, May 13, 2014    Clinical Article

15 Fish consumption, sleep, daily functioning, and heart rate variability Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, June 12, 2014    Clinical Article

16 Vitamin D supplementation and lipid profile: what does the best available evidence show Atherosclerosis, May 19, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine

17 Dance therapy in patients with chronic heart failure: A systematic review and a meta-analysis Clinical Rehabilitation, June 3, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

18 Fruits and vegetables consumption and risk of stroke Stroke, May 28, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine

19 Vitamin D supplements and cancer incidence and mortality: a meta-analysis British Journal of Cancer, June 12, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine

20 Effects of habitual coffee consumption on cardiometabolic disease, cardiovascular health, and all-cause mortality The Journal of Emergency Medicine, June 12, 2014    Clinical Article

Indexed Journals in Medical Student: Academic Medicine, BMC Medical Education, Medical Teachermore

Register now to view all the MDLinx contents (FREE)!

  • Stay current on the latest literature, research and clinical news
  • Get special communications and offers from MDLinx and our sponsors
  • Receive invitations to paid market research
View Samples and Register

Connect with us, stay current.

Receive the latest mecial news
updates for free via email

Sign up!

Subscribe to our free RSS feeds:

Get the latest news in your specialty automatically added to your newsreader or your personal My Yahoo!, Google, My MSN or My AOL page. Learn More

Close