Ureteral Replacement with Appendix in a Pediatric Group: A Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 08/17/2012
Shen X et al. – The reconstruction of long ureteral defect is one of the most difficult procedures in urologic surgeries, especially in children. There are several options available now for urologists to treat ureteral disruption/loss, such as appendix interposition, ileal interposition, psoas hitch, Boari flap, transureteroureterostomy, renal autotransplantation in the right iliac fossa and even nephrectomy.