Efficacy and Safety of Switching From the DPP-4 Inhibitor Sitagliptin to the Human GLP-1 Analog Liraglutide After 52 Weeks in Metformin-Treated Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A randomized, open-label trial
Diabetes Care, 08/08/2012
Pratley RE et al. – Glycemic control, weight, and treatment satisfaction improved after switching from sitagliptin to liraglutide, albeit with a transient increase in gastrointestinal reactions.Methods
- In an open-label trial, participants randomized to receive either liraglutide (1.2 or 1.8 mg/day) or sitagliptin (100 mg/day), each added to metformin, continued treatment for 52 weeks.
- In a 26-week extension, sitagliptin-treated participants were randomly allocated to receive instead liraglutide at either 1.2 or 1.8 mg/day, while participants originally randomized to receive liraglutide continued unchanged.
- Although 52 weeks of sitagliptin changed glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) by -0.9% from baseline, additional decreases occurred after switching to liraglutide (1.2 mg/day, -0.2%, P = 0.006; 1.8 mg/day, -0.5%, P = 0.0001).
- Conversion to liraglutide was associated with reductions in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (1.2 mg/day, -0.8 mmol/L, P = 0.0004; 1.8 mg/day, -1.4 mmol/L, P < 0.0001) and body weight (1.2 mg/day, -1.6 kg; 1.8 mg/day, -2.5 kg; both P < 0.0001) and with an increased proportion of patients reaching HbA1c <7% (from 30% to 50%).
- Overall treatment satisfaction, assessed by the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire, improved after switching to liraglutide (pooled 1.2 and 1.8 mg/day, 1.3; P = 0.0189).
- After switching, mostly transient nausea occurred in 21% of participants, and minor hypoglycemia remained low (3–4% of participants).
- Continuing liraglutide treatment at 1.2 mg/day and 1.8 mg/day for 78 weeks reduced HbA1c (baseline 8.3 and 8.4%, respectively) by -0.9 and -1.3%, respectively; FPG by -1.3 and -1.7 mmol/L, respectively; and weight by -2.6 and -3.1 kg, respectively, with 9–10% of participants reporting minor hypoglycemia.