Backrest position in prevention of pressure ulcers and ventilator-associated pneumonia: Conflicting recommendations
Heart & Lung; The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 07/27/2012
Burk RS et al. – Pressure ulcers and ventilator–associated pneumonia (VAP) are both common in acute and critical care settings and are considerable sources of morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. To prevent pressure ulcers, guidelines limit bed backrest elevation to less than 30 degrees, whereas recommendations to reduce VAP include use of backrest elevations of 30 degrees or more.