Development of an internet-based support and coaching model for adolescents and young adults with ADHD and autism spectrum disorders: a pilot study
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 07/11/2012
Wentz E et al. – The model can be an important complement to other interventions for young people with autism spectrum disorder and/or attention–deficit/hyperactivity disorder.Methods
- A user–centred design was applied to develop a model for internet–based support and coaching, where individuals received 8–week support via internet (chat).
- The model was validated by 10 individuals, 15–26 years of age, with ASD and/or ADHD.
- Self–report questionnaires [Sense of Coherence (SOC), the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life, Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale] were distributed before and after intervention.
- A structured interview regarding the quality of the model, the Patient perspective of Care and Rehabilitation process (POCR), was used after the intervention.
- The validation showed significant improvement of SOC, self–esteem and subjective Quality of Life at follow–up and the majority perceived high fulfilment/importance on the POCR.