In-vivo glenohumeral translation and ligament elongation during abduction and abduction with internal and external rotation Full Text
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 07/11/2012
Massimini DF et al. – The data suggest that in healthy adult shoulders the ligamentous structures of the glenohumeral joint are not fully elongated in many shoulder positions, but function as restraints at the extremes of glenohumeral motion. Clinically, these results may be helpful in restoring ligament anatomy during the treatment of anterior instability of the shoulder.