Quadriceps Activation Failure After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture Is Not Mediated by Knee Joint Effusion
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 06/04/2012
Lynch AD et al. – Joint effusion after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury does not directly mediate quadriceps activation failure seen after injury. Therefore, it should not be used as a clinical substitute for electrophysiological assessment of quadriceps activation. Patients presenting to physical therapy after ACL injury should be treated with high–intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation to help normalize this activation.