Genetic lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency and cardiovascular disease
Calabresi L et al. – The lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) enzyme is responsible for the synthesis of cholesteryl esters in human plasma and plays a critical role in high density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism. Genetic LCAT deficiency is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by low HDL cholesterol levels. This paper reviews the genetic and biochemical features of LCAT deficiency, highlighting the absence of enhanced preclinical atherosclerosis in carriers, despite the remarkably low HDL cholesterol.