Influences on Breastfeeding Outcomes for Healthy Term and Preterm/Sick Infants
Breastfeeding Medicine, 05/30/2012
Perrella SL et al. – Maternal perceptions of breastfeeding as “important” rather than “very important” and previous breastfeeding duration of <6 months are negatively associated with breastfeeding duration; these factors can be identified and addressed during pregnancy and in the postnatal period. Preterm infants born at <33 weeks of gestation have a shorter breastfeeding duration than those born at a later gestation.Methods
- Follow–up was conducted of 87 sick/preterm and 92 term healthy infants during the 9 months following discharge from two Western Australian hospitals.
- When corrected for gestational age, breastfeeding duration did not differ between the entire cohort of sick/preterm and term healthy groups.
- Multivariable analysis showed that early cessation of breastfeeding was more likely for infants born at <33 weeks of gestation (hazard ratio [HR ]=2.05, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.14–3.69), mothers who had previously breastfed for <6 months (HR=3.67, 95% CI=2.12–6.37), and for mothers who perceived breastfeeding to be important rather than very important (HR=2.58, 95% CI=1.59–4.20).