Electrocardiographic P-wave characteristics in patients with end-stage renal disease: P-index and interatrial block
International Urology and Nephrology, 05/16/2012
Solak Y et al. – The present study demonstrated that interatrial block frequency and P index were increased in patients with end–stage renal disease.Methods
- Eighty-six HD, 47 CAPD, and 43 age- and gender-matched control subjects were enrolled in the study.
- P-wave duration was measured in all 12-leads of the surface ECG.
- The standard deviation of the P-wave duration across the 12 ECG leads was accepted as a Pi.
- P-wave duration above and equal to 110 ms was defined as IAB.
- All P-wave parameters were evaluated digitally by two observers.
- Pi was found to be significantly different among the groups in ANOVA.
- In post hoc analysis, P i was increased in HD group compared with the control group (p = 0.01).
- Also, P i tended to increase in CAPD group compared with controls (p = 0.06).
- The effect of ESRD on P i was independent of age, gender, and systolic blood pressure in univariate covariant analysis.
- The prevalence of IAB was 61, 55, and 32 % in patients with HD, CAPD, and controls, respectively (p = 0.001).
- P d was significantly higher in HD group compared with healthy controls.
- However, Pd values of CAPD patients did not show significant difference compared with controls.