Changing sagittal plane body position during single-leg landings influences the risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 05/02/2012
Shimokochi Y et al. – Leaning forward while landing appears to protect the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) by increasing the shock absorption capacity and knee flexion angles and decreasing anterior shear force due to the knee joint compression force and quadriceps muscle activation. Conversely, landing upright appears to be ACL harmful by increasing the post–impact force of landing and quadriceps muscle activity while decreasing knee flexion angles, all of which lead to a greater tibial anterior shear force and ACL loading. ACL injury prevention programmes should include exercise regimens to improve sagittal plane body position control during landing motions.