Polymorphisms of the Genes Encoding CD40 and Growth Differentiation Factor 15 and in the 9p21.3 Region in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Cardiovascular Disease

The Journal of Rheumatology, 04/18/2012

The gene polymorphisms analyzed were associated with different atherothrombotic manifestations (ATM) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15)/monocyte inhibitory cytokine–1 gene polymorphism was also associated with RA per se, suggesting a common etiology for RA and ATM.

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