Gender Identification in Younger and Older Adults: Use of Spectral and Temporal Cues in Noise-Vocoded Speech

Ear and Hearing, 05/14/2012

The results reported here support previous findings of senescent declines in perceiving spectrally reduced speech and temporal amplitude modulation processing. These results suggest that when F0 values are similar to one another, younger listeners can use temporal cues alone to glean voice–pitch information but older listeners exhibit a lessened ability to use such cues. Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of temporal envelope cues in periodicity perception (e.g., gender recognition) by cochlear implant listeners. The results of this study suggest that aging affects the use of such cues, and consequently gender recognition might be poorer among older cochlear implant recipients.

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