Health promotion lifestyle interventions for weight management in psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Full Text
BMC Psychiatry, 07/16/2012
Evidence Based Medicine
Bonfioli E et al. – When compared with treatment as usual in psychotic patients, preventive and individual lifestyle interventions that include diet and physical activity prove to be effective in reducing weight. A weight loss of 0.98 points in the Body Mass Index corresponds to a loss of 3.12% of the initial weight. This percentage is below the 5% to 10% weight loss deemed sufficient to improve weight–related complications such as hypertension, type II diabetes and dyslipidaemia. However, it is reported that outcomes associated with metabolic risk factors may have greater health implications than weight changes alone. Therefore, in addition to weight reduction, the assessment of metabolic parameters to monitor other independent risk factors should also be integrated into physical health promotion and management in people with mental disorders.Methods
- The authors systematically reviewed randomised controlled trials from 1990 onwards, in which psychoeducational and/or cognitive–behavioural interventions aimed at weight loss or prevention of weight gain in patients with psychosis had been compared to treatment as usual.
- The authors carried on a meta–analysis pooling the results of the studies, with Body Mass Index as primary outcome.
- The results of the meta–analysis show an effect towards the experimental group.
- At the end of the intervention phase there is a –0.98 kg/m2 reduction in the mean Body Mass Index of psychotic subjects.
- Notably, prevention studies with individual psychoeducational programmes that include diet and/or physical activity seem to have the highest impact.