Predicting leisure participation of school-aged children with cerebral palsy: longitudinal evidence of child, family and environmental factors
Child: Care, Health, and Development, 06/14/2012
Bult MK et al. – Several variables are found to be related to formal and informal participation at age 6. Movement ability and social skills at age 2 are most predictive of leisure participation when the child is 6 years old.Methods
- Parents of 46 children with CP completed the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment indicating their child's participation.
- Multivariate regression models were used to identify early predictors of participation.
- Movement ability was a significant child-related predictor for formal activities (R2 17%, P < 0.05).
- Movement ability and social skills were most predictive (R2 62%, P < 0.00) for informal activities.
- The feeling of being restricted in family participation was the single most predictive factor for formal and informal activities at family level (R2 12%, P < 0.05, R2 25%, P < 0.05).
- Type of daycare was the only environmental variable that was predictive, and only for informal activities (R2 16%, P < 0.05).
- Movement ability and social skills are the most important predictors for informal leisure participation (R2 62%, P < 0.01).