Bruder GE et al. – Dysthymia and major depressive disorder share a common abnormality of hemispheric asymmetry for dichotic listening.Methods
- Unmedicated patients having either a MDD (n=96) or “pure” dysthymic disorder (n=42) and healthy controls (n=114) were tested on dichotic fused-words and complex-tone tests.
- Patient and control groups differed in right hemisphere advantage for complex tones, but not left hemisphere advantage for words.
- Reduced right hemisphere advantage for tones was equally present in MDD and dysthymia, but was more evident among depressed men than depressed women.
- Also, healthy men had greater hemispheric asymmetry than healthy women for both words and tones, whereas this gender difference was not seen for depressed patients.