Pain following stroke, initially and at 3 and 18 months after stroke, and its association with other disabilities
European Journal of Neurology, 05/30/2012Sommerfeld DK et al.
The present results do not support the hypothesis that pain following stroke (PFS) causes other disabilities. The results indicate that PFS is correlated to other disabilities; however, no ultimate conclusions can be drawn on causality. PFS was not a predictor of coming disabilities, while some disabilities were predictors of coming PFS.
Patients with a first-ever stroke were assessed initially (n=109), and at 3 (n=95) and 18 months (n=66) after stroke for PFS, mobility, self-care as well as touch, proprioceptive, muscle tone, and movement functions.
PFS was correlated to impaired upper extremity movement function on all occasions, while the correlations between PFS and other disabilities varied across the three occasions.
Initial PFS and PFS at 3 months did not independently predict coming disabilities.
Initial mobility limitation independently predicted PFS at 3 months and impaired touch function, initially and at 3 months, independently predicted PFS at 18 months.
No other disabilities independently predicted coming PFS.
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