Dairy intake in relation to cardiovascular disease mortality and all-cause mortality: the Hoorn Study
European Journal of Nutrition, 05/08/2012
Van Aerde MA et al. – In this prospective cohort study, the intake of high–fat dairy products was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) mortality.Methods
- The authors examined the relationship between dairy intake and CVD mortality and all–cause mortality in 1956 participants of the Hoorn Study (aged 50–75 years), free of CVD at baseline.
- Hazard ratios with 95 % CIs were obtained for CVD mortality and all–cause mortality per standard deviation (SD) of the mean increase in dairy intake, with adjustment for age, sex, BMI, smoking, education, total energy intake, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and dietary intakes.
- During 12.4 years of follow–up, 403 participants died, of whom 116 had a fatal CVD event.
- Overall dairy intake was not associated with CVD mortality or all–cause mortality.
- Each SD increase in high–fat dairy intake was associated with a 32 % higher risk of CVD mortality (95 % CI; 7–61 %).