Epidemiology, complications and Management of Diabetes in Ethiopia: A systematic review
Journal of Diabetes, 04/24/2012
Evidence Based Medicine
Nigatu T – In response to the emergence of diabetes and other non–communicable diseases, effective and efficient prevention and control strategies should be designed and implemented in Ethiopia.Methods
- Relevant studies and other evidences were identified by searches in the EMBASE from 1970 to Dec 2011 and by reviewing the reference lists from retrieved articles.
- Besides, relevant articles from non-indexed local journals were also included.
- Data were extracted and summarized using the major themes of the systematic review.
- Though estimated to be at 2% at national level, evidences suggest that the prevalence of diabetes could reach up to more than 5% in those above 40 years of age in some settings.
- Studies in the 1990s and 1980s have reported varied evidences on malnutrition-related diabetes.
- However, more recent studies are reconfirming a strong association between malnutrition and diabetes.
- There is remarkable prevalence of both acute and chronic complications among diabetic cases in Ethiopia.
- More than one-third but less than half of diabetic cases in Ethiopia receive standard diabetes care.