Are Personal Characteristics Associated with Exercise Participation in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis? A Cross-Sectional Explorative Survey
Musculoskeletal Care, 04/24/2012
Vervloesem N et al. – Although few differences were found between the groups, some insights regarding pitfalls in implementing an exercise program were highlighted. Further insights into external and personal motivators for patients are needed.Methods
- A random sample of ambulatory RA patients from a single centre was divided into two groups, depending on their willingness to participate in an exercise program.
- Subsequently, demographic data (gender, age, disease duration and educational level) and disease–related and personal factors were obtained (Disease Activity Score; Short Form 36 [SF–36]; Health Assessment Questionnaire; Global Disease Activity; and also the Utrecht Coping List [UCL], Illness Cognition Questionnaire; TAMPA scale and modified Baecke questionnaire).
- Of the 154 people completing the survey, 113 (73%) indicated that they were willing to participate in an exercise program.
- These positive responders (PR) were more often female (p < 0.05), and had a higher educational level (p < 0.05).
- In the negative responders (NR), higher scores were found in the general health perception (54.7; [SD 18.3] versus 47.4; [SD 20.8]) and vitality (61.6 [SD 19.8] versus 53.7 [SD 20.1] sections of the SF–36, and a lower score was found on the reassuring thoughts subscale of the UCL (11.9 [SD 2.7] versus 12.9 [SD 2.7]) compared with the PR (all p < 0.05).