Update on child and adolescent immunizations: selected review of US recommendations and literature

Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 05/16/2012

Katz JA et al. – The research on childhood and adolescent vaccinations is continuously growing and will serve to shape future recommendations. Through their findings, they can learn how to optimize the protection of all children and adolescents against these very serious diseases.

Methods

  • To provide a clinically relevant synopsis of recent research findings as well as updated guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics and Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices regarding child and adolescent immunizations.

Results

  • Childhood vaccinations have served to dramatically reduce pediatric morbidity and mortality in the USA.
  • Much of the recent research has focused on the improvement of current vaccines as well as on the development of new vaccines.
  • By improving the safety, efficacy and immunogenicity of vaccinations, children can be more fully protected.
  • Additionally, recommendations have broadened as vaccinations have been proven well tolerated and effective for a growing number of subpopulations.
  • Although more groups of children are now included in vaccination recommendations, efforts must continue to ensure that all eligible children receive their vaccinations.
  • This article reviews selected recent publications on influenza, human papillomavirus, the childhood and adolescent/adult formulations of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis, meningococcal conjugate and pneumococcal vaccines.
  • The relationship between febrile seizures and childhood immunizations is explored.

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