Automated analysis of the 12-lead electrocardiogram to identify the exit site of postinfarction ventricular tachycardia
Heart Rhythm, 02/27/2012
Yokokawa M et al. – The 12–lead ECG of postinfarction ventricular tachycardia (VT) contains localizing information that enables determination of a region of interest in the 10–20 cm2 range for more than 70% of VT exit sites in a given sector.
In 34 postinfarction patients, pace mapping was performed from within scar tissue.
A computerized algorithm that used a supervised learning method (support vector machine) received the digitized pace–map morphologies combined with the pacing sites as training data.
No other information (ie, infarct localization, bundle branch block morphology, axis, or R–wave pattern) was used in the algorithm.
The training data were validated in 58 VTs in 33 patients.
The sizes of 10 different anatomic sections within the heart were determined by using the pace maps as the determining factor.
Accuracy was found to be 69% for pace maps, and when 2 adjacent regions were combined, accuracy improved to 88%.
Validation of the data in 33 patients showed an accuracy of 71% for localizing a VT exit site to 1 of the 10 regions within the left ventricle.
If combined with the best adjacent region, accuracy improved to 88%.
The median anatomic size of each section was 21 cm2.
he median spatial resolution of the 12–lead ECG pattern of the pace maps for a particular region was 15 cm2.
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