Calcium and Vitamin D Requirements of Enterally Fed Preterm Infants
Pediatrics, April 30, 2013
Abrams S – Vitamin D should be provided at 200 to 400 IU/day both during hospitalization and after discharge from the hospital. Infants with radiologic evidence of rickets should have efforts made to maximize calcium and phosphorus intake by using available commercial products and, if needed, direct supplementation with these minerals.
Bone health is a critical concern in managing preterm infants.
Key nutrients of importance are calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus.
Although human ...
Role of Vitamin D in Cardiometabolic Diseases
Experimental Diabetes Research, March 5, 2013
Wang C - This article reviews the definition and pathophysiology of vitamin D deficiency, clinical evidence linking vitamin D and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, diabetes and its complications, and metabolic syndrome.
Vitamin D deficiency is a highly prevalent condition.
Low vitamin D levels have long been associated with bone diseases, such as rickets in children and osteomalacia and osteoporosis in adults.
However, it has become apparent in recent years that adequate ...