Efficacy and safety of clopidogrel in children with diarrhea associated hemolytic uremic syndrome
Thrombosis Research, 08/24/2012
Seltz LB et al. – Children with diarrhea associated hemolytic uremic syndrome treated with clopidogrel have outcomes comparable to untreated patients. Bleeding complications may occur. Methods The authors performed a retrospective chart review of all children (≤18years) hospitalized with diarrhea associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. Outcomes in clopidogrel treated children were described. In subgroup analysis, outcomes were compared to those untreated with platelet aggregation inhibitors. Results
Of 72 children with diarrhea associated hemolytic uremic syndrome, 88% were treated with platelet aggregation inhibitors (clopidogrel 56%, sulfinpyrazone 19%, dipyridamole 13%). The median age of clopidogrel treated children was 5years; 40% were male. Initial median hemoglobin, platelet count, and serum creatinine were 10.1g/dL, 53×103/ μL, and 2.3mg/dL respectively. Clopidogrel (median dose 1mg/kg/d) was given for a median of 4days (range 1–15). Other therapies included erythropoietin (98%), red blood cell transfusions (80%), diuretics (58%), anti–hypertensive agents (45%), and dialysis (33%). The median hospital length of stay was 9days (range 3–26). Three children had bleeding complications (epistaxis/hematemesis). The risk of chronic kidney disease was 5% and death 2.5%. In subgroup analysis, median duration of dialysis was 11days in thirteen clopidogrel treated children compared to 21days in five untreated patients (P=0.04).