The latest Infectious Disease news articles, summarized and published daily to keep you current in today's news on bacterial infection, disease treatments, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and clinical research in infectious diseases and more.
1 Influenza vaccine effectiveness in the United States during 2012-2013: Variable protection by age and virus type The Journal of Infectious Diseases, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
2 Trends and patterns of sexual behaviors among adolescents and adults aged 14 to 59 years, United States Sexually Transmitted Diseases, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
3 Randomized, controlled trial of high-dose influenza vaccine among frail residents of long-term care facilities The Journal of Infectious Diseases, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
4 Screening and treatment for Staphylococcus aureus in patients undergoing hemodialysis: A systematic review and meta-analysis Full Text BMC Nephrology, December 19, 2014 Evidence Based Medicine Review Article
5 Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis does not enhance immune responses to HIV in exposed but uninfected persons The Journal of Infectious Diseases, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
6 Immunogenicity and safety of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in HIV-infected adults previously vaccinated with pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine The Journal of Infectious Diseases, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
7 Hepatitis C virus RNA levels at week-2 of telaprevir/boceprevir administration are predictive of virological outcome Digestive and Liver Diseases, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
8 BI-2 destabilizes HIV-1 cores during infection and Prevents Binding of CPSF6 to the HIV-1 Capsid Full Text Retrovirology, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
9 Identification of potential clinically significant drug interactions in HIV-infected patients: A comprehensive therapeutic approach HIV Medicine, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
10 Time to initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients diagnosed with an opportunistic disease: A cohort study HIV Medicine, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
11 Amino acid sequence analysis in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1b infection during pegylated interferon-7alpha;2a and ribavirin therapy Antiviral Therapy , December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
12 Permissive changes in the neuraminidase play a dominant role in improving the viral fitness of oseltamivir-resistant seasonal influenza A(H1N1) strains Antiviral Research , December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
13 Contact-induced mitochondrial polarization supports HIV-1 virological synapse formation Journal of Virology, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
14 Vitamin D status and incidence of tuberculosis among contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
15 Mediators of a smoking cessation intervention for persons living with HIV/AIDS Drug and Alcohol Dependence, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
16 Evidence supporting pre-radiation elimination of oral foci of infection in head and neck cancer patients to prevent oral sequelae. A systematic review Oral Oncology , December 19, 2014 Evidence Based Medicine Review Article
17 Immunodeficiency in children starting antiretroviral therapy in low-, middle-, and high-income countries Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
18 Old and new adjuvants for hepatitis B vaccines Medical Microbiology and Immunology, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
19 Accelerated photoactivated chromophore for keratitis–corneal collagen cross-linking as a first-line and sole treatment in early fungal keratitis Journal of Refractive Surgery, December 19, 2014 Evidence Based Medicine Clinical Article
20 Comparison of different hand-drying methods: The potential for airborne microbe dispersal and contamination Journal of Hospital Infection, December 19, 2014 Clinical Article
As reported in Clinical Microbiology & Infection, among 158 adults with community-acquired respiratory failure, nasopharyngeal swabs revealed a RSV infection rate of 4% and an influenza virus infection rate of 15%.
As reported in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, short-term treatment of HSV-2 infected, HIV non-infected women (n=30) with valacyclovir (1 g qd x 2 months) had no effect on cervical CD4+ T cells, dendritic cells, or pro-inflammatory cytokines, but increased CCR5 (HIV co-receptor) and CD69 (activation marker).
As reported in Modern Pathology, CDX2 expression is associated with low-grade small intestinal adenocarcinomas, decreased nodal metastases, and decreased perineural invasion, while MUC1 expression is associated with high-grade tumors, and nodular and infiltrative tumors. The CDX2+/MUC1- immunophenotype is associated with increased survival.