KIT mutations associated with poor prognosis in GISTs
Based on a meta-analysis (18 studies; n=1487) reported in the World Journal of Surgical Oncology, KIT mutations in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are associated with larger tumors (> 5 cm), higher mitotic activity (> 5), more frequent recurrences (OR = 2.06), more frequent metastases (OR = 2.77), and worse 3-year overall survival (OR = 0.47) compared to patients with PDGFRA mutations or wild-type.
Risk factors for intra-abdominal abscesses in Crohn’s disease
As reported in Digestion, uncontrolled CRP at week 14 of therapy with infliximab (OR=1.36) and early loss of response to infliximab (OR=5.36) are independent risk factors for intra-abdominal abscesses in patients with Crohns disease.
Predictors of sustained binge drinking
As reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, sustained binge drinkers have an earlier onset, drink monthly in secondary school, binged in their 20s, exhibit impulsivity and novelty-seeking, and have depressive symptoms during adolescence compared to those who stop binge drinking.