Predictors of sustained binge drinking
As reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, sustained binge drinkers have an earlier onset, drink monthly in secondary school, binged in their 20s, exhibit impulsivity and novelty-seeking, and have depressive symptoms during adolescence compared to those who stop binge drinking.
Calcium reduces CRC risk
As reported in the International Journal of Cancer, there is an 8% reduction in CRC risk with each 300 mg/d increase in calcium intake based on 15 studies involving 12305 patients who took 250-1900 mg of calcium/day over a 3.3-16 year follow-up period. The beneficial effect extended beyond 1000 mg/d.
Increased MMP-9 expression associated with poor prognosis in CRC
As reported in the World Journal of Surgical Oncology, the expression of MMP-9 in colon cancer tissues was increased compared to distal normal mucosa (69.1% vs. 2.9%). Increased MMP-9 expression was associated with lymph node metastasis, Duke stage, and decreased survival.