Increased MMP-9 expression associated with poor prognosis in CRC
As reported in the World Journal of Surgical Oncology, the expression of MMP-9 in colon cancer tissues was increased compared to distal normal mucosa (69.1% vs. 2.9%). Increased MMP-9 expression was associated with lymph node metastasis, Duke stage, and decreased survival.
Calcium reduces CRC risk
As reported in the International Journal of Cancer, there is an 8% reduction in CRC risk with each 300 mg/d increase in calcium intake based on 15 studies involving 12305 patients who took 250-1900 mg of calcium/day over a 3.3-16 year follow-up period. The beneficial effect extended beyond 1000 mg/d.
Risk factors for CHC-related death identified
As reported in the World Journal of Gastroenterology, the following risk factors for chronic hepatitis C (CHC)-related deaths have been identified (n=8250 CHC patients; n=144 CHC-related deaths): α-IFN therapy (AOR=0.53); liver cirrhosis (AOR=2.89); hepatocellular carcinoma versus CHC (AOR=8.82); hypertension (AOR=1.76); alcohol consumption (AOR=1.73); and HBsAg positivity (AOR=22.28).