Effect of Amoxicillin/Clavulanate on Gastrointestinal Motility in Children
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 05/18/2012
Gomez R et al. – In children, administration of amoxicillin/clavulanate (A/C) directly into the small bowel before a meal induces phase III–type contractions in the duodenum, with characteristics similar to those present in the fasting state. These data suggest the possible use of A/C as a prokinetic agent. Further studies are needed to clarify its specific mechanism of action and the group of patients most likely to benefit from its use.Methods
- Twenty consecutive pediatric patients referred for antroduodenal manometry received 20mg/kg of A/C into the small bowel lumen.
- In 10 patients (group A), A/C was given 1hour after and in 10 (group B), 1hour before ingestion of a meal. Characteristics of the migrating motor complex, including presence, frequency, amplitude, and propagation of duodenal phase III and phase I duration and phase II motility index (MI), were evaluated 30minutes before and after A/C administration.
- There were no statistically significant differences in age and sex between the 2 groups.
- Manometry studies were considered normal in 8 patients in each group.
- In group A, 2 patients developed duodenal phase III after receiving A/C, and no significant difference was found in the MI before and after the drug administration.
- In group B, 9 patients developed duodenal phase III (P<0.05 vs group A).
- All phase III occurred within a few minutes from the medication administration.
- Most duodenal phase III contractions were preceded by an antral component during fasting but never after the medication was administered in either of the 2 groups (P<0.001 vs fasting).
- In group B, the duration of duodenal phase I was shorter after drug administration (P<0.05).
- There was no significant difference in duodenal phase II MI before and after A/C administration for the 2 study groups.