Trends in Diverticulitis Management in the United States From 2002 to 2007 Full Text
JAMA Surgery, 04/25/2011
Masoomi H et al. – Diverticulitis continues to be a source of significant morbidity in the United States. However, authors data show a trend toward increased use of laparoscopic techniques for elective operations and primary anastomosis for urgent operations.Methods
- Retrospective database analysis
- Patients admitted to the hospital for diverticulitis from 2002 to 2007 were included in the study.
- The main outcome measures were patient characteristics, surgical approach, and mortality were evaluated for elective or emergent admission.
- A total of 1 073 397 patients were admitted with diverticulitis (emergent: 78.3%, elective: 21.7%).
- The emergent admission rate increased by 9.5% over the study period.
- For emergent patients, 12.2% underwent urgent surgical resection and 87.8% were treated with nonoperative methods (percutaneous abscess drainage: 1.88% and medical treatment: 85.92%).
- There was only a 4.3% increase in urgent surgical resections, while elective surgical resections increased by 38.7.%.
- The overall rate of elective laparoscopic colon resection was 10.5%.
- Elective laparoscopic surgery nearly doubled from 6.9% in 2002 to 13.5% in 2007 (P < .001).
- Primary anastomosis rates increased for elective resections over time (92.1% in 2002 to 94.5% in 2007; P < .001).
- For urgent open operation, use of colostomy decreased significantly from 61.2% in 2002 to 54.0% in 2007 (P < .001).
- In-hospital mortality significantly decreased in both elective and urgent surgery (elective: 0.53% in 2002 to 0.44% in 2007; P = .001; urgent: 4.5% in 2002 to 2.5% in 2007; P < .001).