Expression of Microbiota, Toll-like Receptors, and Their Regulators in the Small Intestinal Mucosa in Celiac Disease

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 05/17/2012

Altered gene expression of TLR2, TLR9, and TOLLIP in small intestinal biopsies in celiac disease suggests that microbiota–associated factors may be important in the development of the disease.

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