Pulmonary Stenosis is a Predictor of Unfavorable Outcome After Surgery for Supravalvular Aortic Stenosis Pediatric Cardiology, 04/10/2012
Kasnar–Samprec J et al. – Pulmonary stenosis (PS) in patients with supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is a risk factor for reoperations in the aortic region and might be considered an indicator of the severity of the arterial disease and a predictor of an unfavourable outcome. Methods
- The authors identified all patients with SVAS from the surgical database.
- The patients with multi–level aortic stenosis or concomitant cardiac procedures were excluded from this study.
- Follow–up (100 %) was conducted between 2008 and 2010.
- Twenty–six patients underwent surgery for SVAS between 1974 and 2006.
- Seventeen patients (65 %) were diagnosed with Williams–Beuren–Syndrome, six (17 %) had a diffuse form of SVAS and 10 (39 %) had PS.
- No patient had a surgical or interventional procedure for PS at the initial operation or during follow–up.
- There was no statistically significant association between PS and WBS (p=0.30) or diffuse form of SVAS (p=0.13).
- Patients with PS were operated at younger age (p=0.028).
- Median follow–up time was 14.6years.
- Overall mortality was 11.5 %.
- One patient with preoperatively severely decreased LV–function died 27days postoperatively.
- Two late deaths occurred 7 and 10years after the initial operation.
- Reoperations were required in 4 patients (15 %), 4–19years after the original operation, due to aortic arch stenosis, supravalvular restenosis or poststenotic aortic dilatation.
- PS was found to be a risk factor for reoperation (p=0.005) and for the combined reoperation/death end–point (p=0.003).