Visceral adipose tissue predicts subclinical carotid atherosclerosis
As reported in Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, ultrasound measurement of visceral adipose tissue, unlike the waist circumference, is associated with ultrasound-measured carotid intima-media thickness and an independent predictor of carotid plaques.
CT screening for lung cancer in patients 55-80 years of age beneficial
As reported in the Annals of Internal Medicine, annual CT screening of ever-smokers between 55 and 80 years of age for lung cancer is beneficial. Such screening would result in 45-54% of diagnoses in stage I or II, a 14% reduction in lung cancer mortality, and 497 deaths averted.
Tobacco and alcohol use significantly increase risk for ESCC
Based on a meta-analysis (n=5 studies) reported in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, the combined use of tobacco and alcohol increased the risk for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OR=3.28) compared with non-users; users of tobacco or alcohol alone had a 20%-30% increased risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma compared to non-users.