Initial combination therapy with metformin plus colesevelam improves lipoprotein particles in patients with early type 2 diabetes mellitus
Journal of Clinical Lipidology, 07/31/2012
Goldberg RB et al. – Initial combination therapy with metformin plus colesevelam improved the atherogenic lipoprotein profile of patients with early type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by significantly reducing low–density lipoprotein particle concentration (LDL–P).Methods
- This 16-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study enrolled drug-naïve adults with T2DM, glycated hemoglobin 6.5%–10.0%, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥100 mg/dL, and triglycerides <500 mg/dL.
- Patients were randomized 1:1 to either open-label metformin (titrated to 1700 mg/day) plus double-blind colesevelam 3.75 g/day or open-label metformin plus double-blind placebo.
- In total, 286 patients were randomized (metformin plus colesevelam [n = 145]; metformin plus placebo [n = 141]).
- Compared with metformin plus placebo, the combination of metformin plus colesevelam significantly reduced LDL-C (mean treatment difference: -16.3%), total cholesterol (-6.1%), non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (-8.3%), and apolipoprotein (apo) B (-8.0%) and significantly increased triglycerides (median treatment difference: 18.6%) and apoA-I (mean treatment difference: 4.4%; all P < .001).
- Metformin plus colesevelam significantly reduced total LDL-P (mean treatment difference: absolute change –186 nmol/L [percent change -11.7%]; both P < .0001), largely attributable to a reduction in small LDL-P, and increased total very-low-density lipoprotein particle concentration (mean treatment difference: absolute change 6 nmol/L; P = .03 [percent change 8.3%; P = .06]) and total high-density lipoprotein particle concentration (1.0 μmol/L; P = .03 [4.5%; P = .01]) versus metformin plus placebo.