The role of anti-Müllerian hormone in female fertility and infertility:An overview
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 07/27/2012
GRYNNERUP A et al. – Anti–Müllerian hormone (AMH) plasma levels reflect the continuous non–cyclic growth of small follicles, thereby mirroring the size of the resting primordial follicle pool and thus acting as a useful marker of ovarian reserve. AMH seems to be the best endocrine marker for assessing the age–related decline of the ovarian pool in healthy women, and thus it has a potential ability to predict future reproductive lifespan. The most established role for AMH measurements is before in vitro fertilization is initiated, as AMH can be predictive of the ovarian response, namely poor and hyper–responses. However, recent research has also highlighted the use of AMH in a variety of ovarian pathology conditions including polycystic ovary syndrome, granulosa cell tumors and premature ovarian failure. A new commercial enzyme–linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for measuring AMH levels has been developed, making results from different studies more comparable. Nevertheless, widespread clinical application awaits an international standard for AMH, so that results using future assays can be reliably compared.