Effect of body mass index-z score on adverse levels of cardiovascular disease risk factors
Pediatrics International,

Katsuren K et al. – The relative risk of having adverse levels of most Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in school children increased across the entire range of body mass index z–score (BMISD). IR contributed to most of these relative risks, but BMISD itself also contributed to these relative risks. To prevent future development of CVD, it might be important for schoolchildren to maintain BMISD within normal range.

Methods
  • Conventional CVD risk factors, C-reactive protein (CRP), uric acid (UA) and adiponectin were determined in 757 boys and 494 girls aged between 7 and 12 years. IR was assessed by the homeostasis model approximation index.

Results
  • BMISD were linearly associated with relative risks having adverse levels of all factors, except for glucose and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in boys, and except for glucose, LDL-C and adiponectin in girls (P < 0.01–0.001).
  • These associations were weakened after adjustment for IR, but still significant in cases of UA and CRP in boys and UA, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and CRP in girls (P < 0.01–0.001).

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