Effect of universal neonatal transcutaneous bilirubin screening on blood draws for bilirubin analysis and phototherapy usage

Journal of Perinatology, 03/02/2012

Wickremasinghe AC et al. – Universal total serum bilirubin (TSB) screening was implemented without increasing total blood draws or phototherapy treatment; however, it was associated with a shift in blood draws and phototherapy usage from inpatients to outpatients.

Methods

  • The subjects were infants >36 weeks gestation. In period 1, TSB was ordered based on clinical factors.
  • In period 2, all infants underwent predischarge TcB measurement; infants with adjusted TcB values in the high-intermediate or high-risk zones had TSB ordered.

Results

  • TSB measurements per 1000 infants decreased from 717 to 713 (P=0.008) between period 1 and 2, with more outpatient and less inpatient blood draws in period 2.
  • Between periods 1 and 2, total phototherapy decreased from 59 to 39 per 1000 infants (P<0.0001), with less inpatient and more readmission phototherapy.

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