Headaches in soldiers with mild traumatic brain injury: findings and phenomenologic descriptions

Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 05/10/2012

Authors conclude that headaches occurring after various types of head injury, including explosions, can be assigned primary and secondary headache diagnoses using standard classifications not necessarily available to larger survey–based studies.


  • The first 25 patients seen by a certified headache specialist at the Traumatic Brain Injury Center at Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, NC, between August 2008 and December 2009 are reported.


  • Service members described a total of 55 headaches.
  • Most, but not all, headaches began within 1 week after injury.
  • Migraine type was most common.
  • Aura occurred in 5 soldiers.
  • Continuous headaches were described in 88%.
  • Uncommon headache types including cluster type were diagnosed.
  • Additional symptoms and service outcomes are described.

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