Outcomes of very-low-birthweight infants after discharge with a discharge weight of 1500 grams

Pediatrics International, 04/26/2012

Ahmadpour–Kacho M et al. – In order to decrease the need for emergency visits, we suggest a program of early hospital discharge with home nursing visits and neonatologist support.

Methods

  • In this analytic-prospective study, 100 premature neonates with discharging weight (DW) of 1500 g and a control group of 150 neonates with DW of 1600–2500 g were included.
  • Both groups showed similar socioeconomic, perinatal and postnatal conditions. They were admitted and treated in the newborn services at ACH.
  • The outcome variables, including death after discharge, readmission and need for emergency visit for an acute problem up to 3 months after discharge, were studied.
  • The information was analyzed by spss-16 software and a P-value < 0.05 was considered significant.

Results

  • Need for emergency visit after discharge reached a significant difference between the two groups (31 in the case group vs 21 in the control group, P= 0.000), but there were no significant differences in the readmission rate and death after discharge.

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