Elevated liver enzymes in individuals with undiagnosed diabetes in the U.S.
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, May 17, 2013
Jeon CY et al. – The authors investigated the association of diabetes diagnosis and medication type with liver injury in individuals with clinical diabetes. They found that undiagnosed diabetes is associated with liver injury, compared to diagnosed diabetes with treatment. The effect of diabetes treatment on liver injury in individuals with diabetes remains uncertain.
The authors analyzed 2426 patients with clinical diabetes in the National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Estimating the Population Prevalence of Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes
Diabetes Care, May 10, 2013
Leong A et al. – Health administrative data are frequently used for diabetes surveillance, but validation studies are limited, and undiagnosed diabetes has not been considered in previous studies. The authors compared the test properties of an administrative definition with self–reported diabetes and estimated prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes by measuring glucose levels in mailed–in capillary blood samples. A substantial proportion of diabetes cases are missed by surveillance methods that ...
Health related quality of life, reoperation rate and function in patients with diabetes mellitus and hip fracture--A 2 year follow-up study
Injury, May 17, 2013
Ekstrom W et al. – The primary aim of this study was to evaluate Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Secondary aims were reoperation rate, complications and functions in patients with diabetes followed for 2 years after a hip fracture. The findings of this study indicate that patients with diabetes mellitus had more pain, co–morbidities, reduced health status preoperatively than patients without diabetes. Hip fracture patients with diabetes mellitus have more hip pain at 4 months. Cardiac ...
Diabetes Prevention and Treatment Strategies: Are we doing enough?
Diabetes Care, May 3, 2013
Backholer K et al. – This study aimed to estimate the impact of a range of diabetes interventions on the population prevalence of diabetes for Australian adults between 2010 and 2025. To reverse upward trends in diabetes prevalence in future years, it is essential that current approaches to diabetes prevention and treatment are optimized and implemented and that alternative approaches to reduce the prevalence of diabetes at a population level are developed.
The authors used ...
Relative and attributable diabetes risk associated with hyperuricemia in US veterans with gout
QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, April 30, 2013
Krishnan E et al. - Hyperuricemia is known to be a risk factor for incident type 2 diabetes mellitus, but the absolute magnitude of the association is not known. The authors aimed to evaluate the strength of association between hyperuricemia and the risk of developing diabetes among the US veterans with gout. Among veterans, hyperuricemia was associated with excess risk for developing diabetes. Approximately, 1 in 11 new cases of diabetes were statistically attributed to ...
Awareness, Treatment, and Control of LDL Cholesterol Are Lower Among United States Adults With Undiagnosed Diabetes Versus Diagnosed Diabetes
Diabetes Care, May 7, 2013
Brown TM et al. - The authors conducted a cross-sectional analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005–2010 to determine the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of elevated LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) among United States adults with undiagnosed diabetes. Improved screening for diabetes and reducing the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes may identify individuals requiring more intensive LDL-C reduction.
Diabetes care provision: barriers, enablers and service needs of young adults with Type1 diabetes from a region of social disadvantage
Diabetic Medicine, May 14, 2013
Kibbey KJ et al. – The study aims to determine the barriers to and enablers of engaging with specialist diabetes care and the service requirements of young adults with Type 1 diabetes mellitus from a low socio–economic, multicultural region. Among these young adults with Type 1 diabetes, glycaemic control was suboptimal and emotional distress common. They had identifiable logistical barriers to accessing and maintaining contact with diabetes care services, which can be addressed with ...
Diabetes and tooth loss: An analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2004
The Journal of the American Dental Association , May 1, 2013
Patel MH et al. - The authors conducted an analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to understand the association between diabetes and tooth loss in the United States. These study results revealed that adults with diabetes are at higher risk of experiencing tooth loss and edentulism than are adults without diabetes. One of every five cases of edentulism in the United States is linked to diabetes. Although the association between diabetes and ...
Diabetes mellitus as an independent risk factor for lung cancer: A meta-analysis of observational studies
European Journal of Cancer, April 19, 2013
Lee J-Y et al.- Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated inconsistent associations between diabetes mellitus and the risk of lung cancer. To determine whether diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, The authors performed a meta-analysis of observational studies.Preexisting diabetes mellitus may increase the risk of lung cancer, especially among female diabetic patients. Further large-scale prospective studies are needed to test ...
Changes in trabecular bone microarchitecture in postmenopausal women with and without type 2 diabetes: a two year longitudinal study
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, March 28, 2013
Pritchard JM et al. - The risk of experiencing an osteoporotic fracture is greater for adults with type 2 diabetes despite higher than normal bone mineral density (BMD). In addition to BMD, trabecular bone microarchitecture contributes to bone strength, but is not assessed using conventional BMD measurement by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The aim of this study was to compare two year changes in trabecular bone microarchitecture in women with and without type 2 diabetes. There ...