Emergency Medicine - Ophthalmology News & Articles
MDLinx.com is your one stop shop for the latest Emergency Medicine news articles and peer reviewed clinical journal articles categorized daily into various hot topics such as: Trauma, Emergency Medicine Services, Airway/Respiratory management, Toxicology and much more. Not only are we the quickest, writing summaries of every article with 24 hours of publication, but we are also your most efficient resource for up-to-the-minute literature in Emergency Medicine.
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Full Text Articles (6)
Ranked, sorted, and summarized by MDLinx editors from the latest literature
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Clinical Pearls in Emergency Medicine
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- Appendicitis is the most common pediatric gastrointestinal surgical emergency.
- Drug-eluting stent (DES) placement improves revascularization rates without increased 3-year hazard of adverse clinical outcomes among individuals undergoing emergency primary percutaneous coronary intervention due to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs).
- Using an accelerated diagnostic protocol (ADP) with Troponin 1 as the sole biomarker may successfully identify low short-term risk of major adverse coronary event (MACE), and decrease observation time among individuals who present to the ER with chest pain.
Highlights in Emergency Medicine
Procalcitonin and CRP predict identify high-risk children with appendicitis
As published in Pediatric Emergency Care, procalcitonin and CRP levels discriminate between children admitted with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis who may require closer monitoring. The study involved 111 children who were divided into 2 groups based on intra-operative diagnoses of appendicitis (n=69) and peritonitis (n=42). Patients with peritonitis, who were more likely to have complications and require intensive care unit admission, had significantly higher procalcitonin (0.15 vs. 4.95 ng/ml) and CRP levels (3 vs. 14.3 mg/dl) on admission than patients with appendicitis. Using a cut-off procalcitonin level of 0.18 ng/ml, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for peritonitis were 97%, 80%, 72%, and 89.3%, respectively. Using a cut-off CRP level of 3 mg/dl, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for peritonitis were 95%, 74%, 68%, and 96.2%, respectively.
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Vomiting during acute stroke increases mortality
As published in the Emergency Medicine Journal, patients who vomit during acute strokes have an increased risk of mortality (HR=5.06). Of 1968 stroke patients enrolled in the study, 1349 had cerebral infarctions, 459 had cerebral hemorrhages, and 152 had subarachnoid hemorrhages; 14.5% of all stroke patients vomited during the acute stage of the stroke (cerebral infarction, 8.7%; cerebral hemorrhage, 23.7%; and subarachnoid hemorrhage, 36.8%).
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Association between tight glycemic control and hip fracture in diabetics
As published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, patients with T2DM (mean age, 77.3 y; n=932) with a HbA1c < 6% (OR=3.01) or 6.1-7% (OR=2.34) are more likely to sustain a hip fracture than patients with a HbA1c > 8%. All patients had a HbA1c level determined within 3 months preceding the hip fracture. No differences in risk existed between patients treated with oral hypoglycemics or insulin.
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Most Popular Emergency Med Articles
Last month's top read
Top Articles of 2012
Anterior Chamber Bleeding After Laser Peripheral Iridotomy
JAMA Ophthalmology, April 5, 2013
A prospective observational study of techniques to remove corneal foreign body in the emergency department
Emergency Medicine Journal, April 4, 2013
An asymptomatic intraorbital foreign body for 30 years
Auris Nasus Larynx, May 2, 2013
Treatment of Traumatic Corneal Abrasions: A Three-Arm, Prospective, Randomized Study
Ophthalmic Research, May 3, 2013
Newborn retinal hemorrhages: A systematic review
Journal of AAPOS, April 2, 2013
Indexed Journals in Emergency Medicine: Journal of Emergency Medicine, Annals of Emergency Medicine, Injury
Other Topics in Emergency Medicine
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