Compliance with nutrition support guidelines in acutely burned patients
Holt B et al. – The median time for initiation of enteral nutrition was within the Society of Critical Care Medicine/American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (SCCM/ASPEN) guidelines for initial nutrition in the critically ill patient. This project identified a 16h time lag between placement of enteral access and initiation of enteral nutrition. Development of a protocol for feeding tube placement and enteral nutrition management may optimize early nutritional support in the acutely injured burn patient.
Acutely burned patients >45kg in weight admitted to a regional burn center during a two-year period and who required 5 or more days of full enteral nutritional support were eligible for inclusion in this retrospective review.
Specific outcomes evaluated include time from admission to feeding tube placement and enteral feeding initiation and percent of nutritional goal received within the first week of hospital stay.
Descriptive statistics were used for all analyses.
IRB approval was obtained.
Thirty-seven patients were included in this retrospective review.
Median age of patients was 44.9 years (IQR: 24.2–55.1), and median burn injury size was 30% (IQR: 19–47).
Median time to feeding tube placement was 31.1h post admission (IQR: 23.6–50.2h), while median time to initiation of EN was 47.9h post admission (IQR: 32.4–59.9h).
The median time required for patients to reach 60% of caloric goal was 3days post-admission (IQR: 3–4.5).
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